Involving the 1850 and you may 1860 census Allen State said a thirty five% drop in the Dark colored inhabitants

Involving the 1850 and you may 1860 census Allen State said a thirty five% drop in the Dark colored inhabitants

Fort Wayne and Allen County’s extreme society get rid of are almost certainly owed so you can broadening racial polarization in the late 1850s. So it matter continued to help you ericans because of the 1870 census. The newest county’s people surged to 169 inside 1880 and has now due to the fact trended up, enumerating 41,618 African People in the us in the 2010 census.


Kirby, J. Randolph. “Cards toward Introduction away from a black Society in Fort Wayne, Indiana between 1820 and you may 1850.” Old Fort Development 54: 1-several.

Quinn, Angela Yards. The brand new Below ground Railway together with Antislavery Direction into the Fort Wayne and you can Allen County, Indiana. Fort Wayne, IN: Arc, Inc., 2001.

Stith, Hana L. Smoking cigarettes an overlooked Legacy, African american Records, Fort Wayne, Indiana. Fort Wayne, Ind.: African & African american Area Museum, 2005.

U.S. Bureau of one’s Census. “Aggregate Number of For each and every Dysfunction of People inside District out-of Indiana,” 1: 352. 6th Census of your own All of us, 1840. Arizona, D.C.: U.S. Census Workplace, 1841.

You.S. Agency of your Census. Inhabitants away from Municipal Divisions Less than Counties; Table III Condition away from Indiana,” 1:124 Seventh Census of your Us, 1850 Arizona, D.C.: U.S. Census Office, 1852

You.S. Agency of the Census. Inhabitants out of Municipal Divisions Less than Counties; Table III Condition out-of Indiana,” 1:124 8th Census of the You, 1860. Washington, D.C.: You.S. Census Work environment, 1862

U.S. Agency of your Census. “People regarding Civil Divisions Below Counties; Table III-County from Indiana,” 1: 124. Ninth Census of United states, 1870. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Bodies Printing Work environment, 1872.

Bartholomew State try formed in the 1821. Predicated on federal censuses, the total quantity of blacks and you may mulattos is six for the 1830 (including the Nancy Tyler and you can James Minor families), 34 in 1840, 82 during the 1850, 6 from inside the 1860, and you will 42 from inside the 1870.

Bartholomew County’s you to definitely recognized payment sometimes called “Africa,” “Smokey Hill,” otherwise “Nigger Slope” are located in Columbus Township

The important fall off off 1850 to 1860 are caused by the new negative racial ambiance and you can/or top financial options in other parts (Handley and Robbins, 33). It was not until 1880 your town of Columbus spotted a large rise in its black colored people.These residents lived in Columbus Township and the city of Columbus. Several of their surnames was: Jones, Oxendine, Galbreath, Mitchell, Simmons and you will Newby. (Newby and you may Mountain had been brands that were associated with Beech Settlement during the close Hurry State.) These types of early settlers originated from North carolina, Sc, Virginia and Indiana.

Many household that have been in the 1850 census is including listed in new Register from Negroes and you can Mulattoes for Bartholomew Condition. (Robbins, Indiana Negro Records 1852-1865) Specialist Xenia Age. Cable talks about an as yet not known Bartholomew County settlement in her own essay, “Black Outlying Agreements from inside the Indiana just before 1860” (Gibbs, 104-105). Into July 30, 1927, historian George Pence presented a papers just before a joint conference away from the fresh new Bartholomew State Historic Community together with State-house Literary Club (Paulette Roberts Collection). About paper, Pence says: “Together in the early fifties some most Negroes, particular fifty souls, every informed, had settled regarding the south element of Columbus, in addition to payment is in your neighborhood labeled as Africa.

Inside old-age following the emigration of your own colored anyone the newest area was changed to a very modern name that Smokey Line. It appears to be town called “Africa” and “Smokey Line” is find Arlington, IN girl for marriage actually named “Nigger Slope” on later 1870s. An enthusiastic African Methodist Episcopal Chapel Congregation within the Columbus is identified as becoming part of brand new Salem Routine with cuatro players during the 1841 (Times, Indiana Annual Meeting, AME Chapel). Inside 1850 there were three “negro” people with a residential property appreciated in the $520 (Heller, 303).

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